Sandfly and Leishmaniasis: A ReviewMobeen Ghazanfar* and Muhammad Faheem Malik
Department of Zoology, University of Gujrat, Pakistan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Ghazanfar M
Department of Zoology
University of Gujarat, Pakistan
Tel: +92 53 3643112
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: July 18, 2016; Accepted Date: August 24, 2016; Published Date: August 31, 2016
Citation: Ghazanfar M, Malik MF (2016) Sandfly and Leishmaniasis: A Review. J Ecosys Ecograph 6:207. doi:10.4172/2157-7625.1000207
Copyright: © 2016 Ghazanfar M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Sandfly has a long history of association with humans, which still are suffering from its harmful impacts. It parasites humans and other animals and acts as a source of nuisance and annoyance to them. The present bibliographical study explains the role of Sandfly as a disease vector of Leishmaniasis. This article highlights various aspects of the life of the vector which includes its general description of morphology, biology, life cycle, and major control strategies. Regarding to control strategies of the vector, it was reviewed that chemical control is the most common and efficient technique but sensitivity to is decreasing due to increased insecticide resistance and environmental constraints. This article also highlights the different types of Leishmaniasis and symptoms, treatment, mortality rate and species diversity of Sandfly in Pakistan.