Satisfaction with Major in Nursing: Predictors, Mediational Role of Identification with Nursing, and Gender Difference in South KoreaEun Young Jang1,2, Joonho Choi1,2,3, Yong Chon Park1,2,3 and Soun-Mee Lee4*
- *Corresponding Author:
- Soun-Mee Lee
Department of Nursing, SemyoungUniversity
Semyoung-ro 65, Jecheon-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea.
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 14, 2015; Accepted Date: September 28, 2015; Published Date: October 05, 2015
Citation: Jang EY, Choi J, Park YC, Lee SM (2015) Satisfaction with Major in Nursing: Predictors, Mediational Role of Identification with Nursing, and Gender Difference in South Korea. J Psychiatry 18:334 doi:10.4172/2378-5756.1000334
Copyright: © 2015 Jang EY, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
Background: This study aimed to explore the predictors of major satisfaction of nursing students and the mediating role of group identification, including gender differences.
Methods: Data were collected from 270 students by questionnaire which included the scales of major satisfaction, group identification, perceived advantages and disadvantages due to gender, social support, experiences of supervision, Big Five factors, and self-esteem.
Results: Male nursing students believed they had more advantages (males, M=3.34, females, M=2.79), as well as disadvantages (males, M=2.34, females, M=1.58), than female nursing students. It revealed that self-esteem (males, β=0.30, females, β=0.23), conscientiousness (males, β=0.40, females, β=0.19) and group identification (males, β=0.59, females, β=0.50) showed significant effect on major satisfaction in both gender. In addition, the perceived advantages of males, and social support of females, influenced major satisfaction through group identification.
Conclusions: We found the powerful role of group identification in enhancing major satisfaction and key precursor of it differing based on gender. The higher the perceived advantages of male students in nursing area (i.e., scarcity), the stronger they tend to satisfy and stay. Otherwise, female students need social network which supports their academic achievement and career. Therefore gender-specific strategies should to be developed to improve major satisfaction and retention in nursing major.