alexa Screening of Cucumis melo L. Cultivars from Iran for Re
ISSN: 2157-7471

Journal of Plant Pathology & Microbiology
Open Access

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Research Article

Screening of Cucumis melo L. Cultivars from Iran for Resistance against Soil-Borne Fungal Pathogens

Mohammad Salari, Naser Panjehkeh, Zahra Nasirpoor and Javad Abkhoo*
Department of plant protection, College of Agriculture, University of Zabol, 98616-93517, Zabol, Iran
Corresponding Author : Javad Abkhoo
Department of plant protection, College of Agriculture
University of Zabol, 98616-93517, Zabol, Iran
Tel: 989151230324
Fax: 2222563 E-mail: [email protected]
Received September 12, 2012; Accepted October 26, 2012; Published October 30, 2012
Citation: Salari M, Panjehkeh N, Nasirpoor Z, Abkhoo J (2012) Screening of Cucumis melo L. Cultivars from Iran for Resistance against Soil-Borne Fungal Pathogens. J Plant Pathol Microb 3:138. doi:10.4172/2157-7471.1000138
Copyright: ©2012 Salari M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

The fungi Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi), Monosporascus cannonballus (Pollack and Uecker) and
Rhizoctonia solani (Kuhn) are responsible for significant destruction and melon crop losses in the Sistan region of Iran. In this study, eighteen melon cultivars were screened for resistance to these pathogens under greenhouse conditions. The melon cultivars were grown in pots and inoculated with each pathogen individually in three different experiments. None of the tested melon cultivars was immune to all the soil-borne plant pathogenic fungi. However, two cultivars, namely ‘Sfidak khatdar’ and ‘Sfidak bekhat’ were moderately resistant to all the three fungi. A second screening was performed for resistance to these pathogens under greenhouse conditions. In the second screening, ‘Sfidak khatdar’ and ‘Sfidak bekhat’ were moderately resistant to all the three fungi. These melon cultivars are
promising sources of resistance to M. phaseolina, M. cannonballus and R. solani, and should be the preferred choice for melon grown in infested areas. This study is the first report on screening of melon cultivars in Iran for resistance to M. phaseolina, M. cannonballus and R. solani and it reports the resistance of melon cultivars to three important soil-borne plant pathogens found worldwide.

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