Sea-Islandscape Ecology: An Integrated Perspective for the Conservation and Management of Sea Islands
Gang Shen* and Xiaoming Xia
Second Institute of Oceanography, Hangzhou, China
- Corresponding Author:
- Gang Shen
Second Institute of Oceanography
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: January 28, 2016; Accepted date: February 10, 2016; Published date: February 17, 2016
Citation: Shen G, Xia X (2016) Sea-Islandscape Ecology: An Integrated Perspective for the Conservation and Management of Sea Islands. J Coast Zone Manag 19:420. doi: 10.4202/2473-3350.1000420
Copyright: © 2016 Shen G, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
With vigorous development of marine economies, sea islands have been the frontiers of marine exploration. Degradation of sea-island ecosystems is pervasive, and conservation and management of sea islands is increasingly urgent. Landscape ecology provides an ideal theoretical framework for the conservation and management of sea islands at ecosystem level. A new concept, “sea-islandscape ecology”, was developed based on landscape ecology. To address the urgent problems related to sea islands, the paper explores the following five potential applications of sea-islandscape ecology: (1) noninvasive investigation and assessment of uninhabited sea islands; (2) variation in sea-islandscape ecosystems at different latitudes; (3) mechanisms of anthropogenic disturbances to sea-islandscape ecosystems; (4) coupling sea-islandscape pattern changes with ecological processes; (5) ecological integrity (EI) of sea-islandscape ecosystems.