Seneca Valley Virus and Vesicular Lesions in a Pig with Idiopathic Vesicular Disease
- *Corresponding Author:
- Kuldeep Singh
Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
IL 61802, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: July 02, 2012; Accepted date: September 20, 2012; Published date: September 24, 2012
Citation: Singh K, Corner S, Clark SG, Scherba G, Fredrickson R (2012) Seneca Valley Virus and Vesicular Lesions in a Pig with Idiopathic Vesicular Disease. J Vet Sci Technol 3:123. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000123
Copyright: © 2012 Singh K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Swine Idiopathic Vesicular Disease (SIVD) syndrome is characterized by the formation of ulcers, erosions and vesicles on the skin, coronary bands and in the oral cavity of pigs. The clinical importance of SIVD is its resemblance with vesicular foreign animal diseases. Although the etiology of SIVD remains unknown, Seneca Valley virus, which belongs to the family Picornaviridae, was previously identified in such pigs. Here, we report gross and histopathologic findings in a 6-month-old intact male Chester White boar presented with a history of anorexia, lethargy and lameness.Intact and ruptured vesicles, erosions and ulcers were clinically observed within the oral cavity, around the nares, coronary bands and all four limbs. Various diagnostic tests were negative for swine vesicular disease virus, footand- mouth disease virus, vesicular exanthema of swine virus and vesicular stomatitis virus infection. However, vesicular scrapings and oral pharyngeal fluid were positive for the presence of Seneca Valley virus by RT-PCR.