alexa Sequence Diversity at Cyt-b and Co-1 mtDNA Genes in Animal Taxa Proved Neo-Darwinism
ISSN: 2329-9002

Journal of Phylogenetics & Evolutionary Biology
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Research Article

Sequence Diversity at Cyt-b and Co-1 mtDNA Genes in Animal Taxa Proved Neo-Darwinism

Yuri Ph Kartavtsev*
AV Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
Corresponding Author : Yuri Ph Kartavtsev
AV Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Vladivostok 690041, Russia
Tel: +7-4232-311173
Fax: +7-4232-310900
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 06, 2013; Accepted October 07, 2013; Published October 14, 2013
Citation: Kartavtsev YP (2013) Sequence Diversity at Cyt-b and Co-1 mtDNA Genes in Animal Taxa Proved Neo-Darwinism. J Phylogen Evolution Biol 1:120. doi: 10.4172/2329-9002.1000120
Copyright: © 2013 Kartavtsev YP, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depict the process of molecular evolution and speciation in animals. A dataset of about twenty three thousand sequences of 2 genes, Cyt-b and Co-1, among different species was analyzed at 5 taxa ranks across the Animal Kingdom. The results support the prevalence of a geographic or allopatric speciation and suggest that Darwin’s gradual evolution in animals also prevails at the molecular level. The approach suggested allows recognize the geographic and other speciation modes, using the set theory equations and genetic terms as their components. The suggested approach may solve a key problem of the Biological Species Concept, i.e. the inability of evolutionary studies to monitor the reproductive isolation among species in nature, by defining a species rank with measurable estimates of genetic parameters.

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