alexa Sero-conversion of Avian Influenza Virus Subtype H9N2 i
ISSN: 1948-5964

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Sero-conversion of Avian Influenza Virus Subtype H9N2 in Non-Vaccinated Commercial Poultry Flocks

Naseem Fawad1, Zahid Hussain1, Sohail Manzoor2*, Saad Rahman1, Najam-ul-Islam1, Muhammad Mukhtar1, Asgher Ali1 Halima Sadia1, Syed Abbas Ali3, Malik Muhammad Nawaz3, Fraz Munir Khan2, Farhan Afzal1 and Muhammad Asif1

1Poultry Research Institute, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

2Diagnostic Laboratories, North & South Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

3Provincial Diagnostic Laboratories, Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author:
Sohail Manzoor
Diagnostic Laboratories, North & South Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
Tel: +923336503982
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: November 16, 2016; Accepted date: December 02, 2016; Published date: December 15, 2016

Citation: Fawad N, Hussain Z, Manzoor M, Rahman S, Islam NU, et al. (2016) Sero-conversion of Avian Influenza Virus Subtype H9N2 in Non-Vaccinated Commercial Poultry Flocks. J Antivir Antiretrovir 8:136-138. doi: 10.4172/jaa.1000149

Copyright: © 2016 Fawad N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Sero-conversion of pathogenic subtypes (H5, H7 and H9) of Avian Influenza Virus types was studied in commercial poultry farms in the Province of Punjab, Pakistan during the years 2015-16. Out of 6731 morbid tissues, only 11 samples (4 from broiler, 4 from broiler breeder and 3 from commercial layers farms) were found positive for Avian Influenza Virus (AIV) H9N2 type. Only one isolate was found positive for H9N2 subtype from 17994 tracheal swab samples. All the 37163 cloacal swab samples were found negative. The sero-analysis of 133438 blood sera samples showed sero-conversion in 66219 samples (49.64%) against H9 virus in the non-vaccinated poultry flocks, when tested with Heamagglutination Inhibition test (HI). Highest sero-conversion was recorded in broiler breeder (49.20%) followed by broilers (47.47%), layer (46.25%) and Native/Desi birds (45.59%). Highest HI titres were recorded in the flocks from Muzaffargarh, Rawalpindi, Toba Tek Singh, Sargodha, Gujrat, Faisalabad, Sheikhupura, Jhelum and Pakpattan while Bahawalpur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Jhang, Okara and Multan had relatively lower level of HI antibody titres. In conclusion only one type of AIV subtype H9N2 is prevailing in the province of the Punjab, Pakistan.


Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version