alexa Serological Survey to Determine the Occurrence of Blue Tongue Virus, Bovine Leukemia Virus and Herpesvirus Infections in the Japanese Small Ruminant Population from Northern Districts | Abstract
ISSN: 2327-5073

Clinical Microbiology: Open Access
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Research Article

Serological Survey to Determine the Occurrence of Blue Tongue Virus, Bovine Leukemia Virus and Herpesvirus Infections in the Japanese Small Ruminant Population from Northern Districts

Massimo Giangaspero1*, Riccardo Orusa2, Giovanni Savini3, Annapia Di Gennaro3, Takeshi Osawa4 and Ryo Harasawa1

1Department of Veterinary Microbiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Iwate University, Japan

2National Reference Centre for Wild Animal Diseases (CeRMAS), Institute Zooprofilattico of Piedmont, Liguria and Valle d’Aosta, Via Regione Amerique, Italy

3Institute Zooprofilattico Abruzzo and Molise “G.CAPORALE”, Italy

4Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Miyazaki, Japan

*Corresponding Author:
Massimo Giangaspero
Department of Veterinary Microbiology
School of Veterinary Medicine
Faculty of Agriculture
Iwate University, Japan
Fax: +81(0)19-621-6158
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]

Received date: December 28, 2012; Accepted date: February 28, 2013; Published date: March 04, 2013

Citation: Giangaspero M, Orusa R, Savini G, Gennaro AD, Osawa T, et al. (2013) Serological Survey to Determine the Occurrence of Blue Tongue Virus, Bovine Leukemia Virus and Herpesvirus Infections in the Japanese Small Ruminant Population from Northern Districts. Clin Microbial 2:104. doi: 10.4172/2327-5073.1000104

Copyright: © 2013 Giangaspero M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Ovine sera, collected from the northern prefectures of Hokkaido, Aomori and Iwate in Japan, were examined for the presence of antibodies against Blue tongue virus (BTV), bovine leukemia virus (BLV), bovine Herpesvirus type 1, agent of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR), ovine Herpesvirus type 2 (OvHV-2), agent of sheep-associated malignant catarrhal fever (SA-MCF), and bovine Herpesvirus type 4 (BoHV-4), using agar immune diffusion, serum neutralisation (SN) and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests. No animals were positive to IBR, BoHV- 4 or BLV antigens. Antibodies against BTV have been detected in 3 samples (1.11%) in two flocks from Hokkaido. The seroprevalence of OvHV-2 was observed in twelve flocks from the 3 considered prefectures, in 56 sheep and two goats, with 37.66% of samples giving a positive reaction in the serum neutralization test. The infections did not appear to be related to the reduction in sheep productivity. Immune reaction reported in goats could refer to Caprine Herpesvirus-2 (CpHV-2). These results indicate that sheep are reservoirs for OvHV-2 in the field in Japan.

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