alexa Seroprevalence of Brucellosis from Pigs: The First Repo
ISSN: 2157-7579

Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology
Open Access

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Research Article

Seroprevalence of Brucellosis from Pigs: The First Report in Central Ethiopia

Mulisa Megersa Kebeta1*, Gezahegn Mamo2, Tesfu Kassa3, Mebratu Assaye4, Hagos Ashenafi2 and Endrias Zewdu5

1College of Veterinary Medicine, Jigjiga University, Jigjiga, Ethiopia

2College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture, Addis Ababa University, Bishoftu, Ethiopia

3Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

4Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Gonder, Gonder, Ethiopia

5Department of Veterinary Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Mulisa Megersa Kebeta
College of Veterinary Medicine
Jigjiga University, Jigjiga, Ethiopia
Tel: +251-913110517
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: November 24, 2014; Accepted date: January 28, 2015; Published date: January 30, 2015

Citation: Kebeta MM, Mamo G, Kassa T, Assaye M, Ashenafi H, et al. (2015) Seroprevalence of Brucellosis from Pigs: The First Report in Central Ethiopia. J Veterinar Sci Technol 6:215. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000215

Copyright: © 2015 Kebeta MM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine seroprevalence of brucellosis from pigs in Central Ethiopia from October, 2013 to May, 2014. A total of 553 blood samples were collected and sera were tested with Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT). Out of 553 sera 25 (4.5%) were positive for Brucella antibodies. The results showed that higher seroprevalence in young (<12 months) (5.9%) and male (8.2%) compared to adult (≥12 months) (3.6%) and female pigs (1.6%). The highest positive rates were obtained from pigs originated from Adama area (13.1%) followed by pigs from Addis Ababa area (8.3%). The study showed statistically significant difference (P<0.05) in seroprevalence between origin and sexes of pigs considered. Our study demonstrated the first report of brucellosis from pigs in Central Ethiopia. Therefore further detailed investigations are needed as brucellosis has significant economic implications in pigs and public health importance.

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