Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Infection among out Patients Attending a Public Tertiary Hospital in Kaduna State, Nigeria
- *Corresponding Author:
- Edia-Asuke UA
Department of Microbiology
Ahmadu Bello University, Samaru, Zaria
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: April 09, 2015 Accepted Date: June 29, 2015 Published Date: July 02, 2015
Citation: Edia-Asuke UA, Abubakar Z, Asuke S (2015) Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Infection among out Patients Attending a Public Tertiary Hospital in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Trop Med Surg 3:189. doi:10.4172/2329-9088.1000189
Copyright: © 2015 Edia-Asuke et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
A survey was conducted amongst 100 randomly selected out-patients attending a Public tertiary Hospital in Kaduna State, Nigeria, in order to ascertain the prevalence of Hepatitis B infection and the general knowledge of people about this highly infectious disease. Sera collected were tested for the presence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) using Wondfo Diagnostic rapid test Kit (China). Questionnaires were also distributed to the subjects in order to ascertain their perception about the disease, and to obtain useful socio demographic information. Chi square test was used to ascertain statistical associations between important characteristics in the study population. A total of 12 out of hundred patients tested positive to HBsAg, giving a prevalence of 12%. There was significant association (pËÂ0.01) between seropositivity/blood donation, and also between seropositivity/hepatitis B immunization (pËÂ0.05). There was generally a poor knowledge about HBV infection in the study population.