alexa Severe Anthelmintic Resistance in Two Free Grazing Small holder Goat Farms in Malaysia
ISSN: 2157-7579

Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology
Open Access

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Research Article

Severe Anthelmintic Resistance in Two Free Grazing Small holder Goat Farms in Malaysia

Chandrawathani P1*, Premaalatha B1, Nurulaini R1, Erwanas AI1, Zaini CM1, Aizan M2, Ramlan M1 and Khadijah S3

1Veterinary Research Institute, 59, Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah, 31400 Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

2Perak State Department of Veterinary Services, 31400 Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

3Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

*Corresponding Author:
Chandrawathani P
Veterinary Research Institute, 59
Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah, 31400 Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: March 01, 2013; Accepted date: July 10, 2013; Published date: July 12, 2013

Citation: Chandrawathani P, Premaalatha B, Nurulaini R, Erwanas AI, Zaini CM, et al. (2013) Severe Anthelmintic Resistance in Two Free Grazing Small holder Goat Farms in Malaysia. J Veterinar Sci Technol 4:137. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000137

Copyright: © 2013 Chandrawathani P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The use of anthelmintics in Kinta district has been ineffective in varying degrees in small ruminants due to anthelmintic resistance. In 2012, two goat farms experiencing severe mortality up to 30% in the flock were tested for anthelmintic resistance using the Faecal Egg Count Reduction Test (FECRT) with four anthelmintic from the group; Benzimidazoles, Imidazothiazoles, Macrocyclic Lactones and Salicylanilides. Fifteen animals were used in each group and treated according to the recommended dose rates based on body weights and faecal egg counts and larval cultures were conducted. Results showed that Haemonchus contortus and Trichostongylus colubriformis in these two farms were resistant to all the four anthelmintic group tested. As these two farms were actively exporting their animals to the other farm, the results in this paper indicate that nematode resistant worms are actively dispersed to the other farms in the country. This would be a factor that will hinder the actions taken to alleviate the nematode anthelmintic resistance problem in Malaysia.

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