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Sexual Practices And Perceived Susceptibility To HIV Infection Among Men Who Have Sex With Men In Dar Es Salaam, Mainland Tanzania | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN 2155-6113

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
Open Access

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Research Article

Sexual Practices And Perceived Susceptibility To HIV Infection Among Men Who Have Sex With Men In Dar Es Salaam, Mainland Tanzania

Elia J. Mmbaga1*, Mbulla J. Dodo2, Germana H. Leyna1, Kare Moen3 and Melkizedeck T. Leshabari2

1Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

2Department of Behavioral Sciences, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

3Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Elia John Mmbaga
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
P.O.Box 65015, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Tel: +255714213524
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: April 08, 2012; Accepted Date: June 15, 2012; Published Date: June 19, 2012

Citation: Mmbaga EJ, Dodo MJ, Leyna GH, Moen K, Leshabari MT (2012) Sexual Practices and Perceived Susceptibility to HIV Infection among Men who have Sex with Men in Dar Es Salaam, Mainland Tanzania. J AIDS Clinic Res S1:012. doi:10.4172/2155-6113.S1-012

Copyright: © 2012 Mmbaga EJ, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

This paper is the first in mainland Tanzania to report on sexual practices and HIV perceived risk of Men who have Sex with Men (MSM). A total of 150 MSM with a mean age of 21.3 were recruited using a respondent-driven sampling. Their median age at first anal sex was 12.2 and their median number of lifetime sexual partners was 35. The majority (94.0%) of the respondents reported more than two sex partners in the three months preceding the survey, and 32.0% reported involvement in heterosexual relationships. Two-thirds of the participants had low HIV perceived risk, which was associated with involvement in heterosexual relationships (AOR, 3.6, 95% CI: 1.015.0), lower condom use (AOR, 0.3, 95% CI: 0.2-0.7), alcohol consumption (AOR, 6.0, 95% CI: 2.3-16.9) and lower likelihood of ever having been tested for HIV (AOR, 0.3, 95% CI: 0.1-0.9). Focuses in HIV prevention have excluded MSM and our results indicate the need to consider this group in HIV programming in Tanzania.

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