alexa Shallow Groundwater Conservation Based Empowerment and its Influence Factors by Groundwater User Farmers in Takalar Regency | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7587

Hydrology: Current Research
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Research Article

Shallow Groundwater Conservation Based Empowerment and its Influence Factors by Groundwater User Farmers in Takalar Regency

Darwis1*, Rakhim Nanda1, Muhammad Ardi2, Lahming2, and Muhammad Arsyad3
1Engineering Faculty, Muhammadiyah University of Makassar, Indonesia
2Engineering Faculty, Makassar State University, Indonesia
3Matematics and Science Faculty, Makassar State University, Indonesia
Corresponding Author : Darwis
Engineering Faculty
Muhammadiyah University of Makassar, Indonesia
Tel: +62 411 866972
E-mail: [email protected]
Received October 29, 2014; Accepted January 12, 2015; Published January 14, 2015
Citation: Darwis, Rakhim N, Muhammad A, Lahming, Muhammad A (2015) Shallow Groundwater Conservation Based Empowerment and its Influence Factors by Groundwater User Farmers in Takalar Regency. Hydrol Current Res 6:187. doi: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000187
Copyright: © 2015 Darwis, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

This study is an initial stage in an effort to conserve groundwater by employing skills and self-reliance of groundwater user farmers where the groundwater is utilized to irrigate farm. Before carrying out community empowerment, specifically for marginal community, the researcher shall be able to recognize some factors that affect target's empowerment. Accordingly, empowerment model formulation which can be made representatively shall in conformity with reality to empowered target community. To examine level of influence of every observed factor in this study, it applies instrument through Gutmann scale. Scales of applied instrument in the study is answers of YES or NO. The instrument is adapted by vary educational background of the farmers. For all identified factors in the study, there are 6 factors that affect significantly groundwater user farmer empowerment level in their effort to conserve groundwater independently and collectively. Factors indicating significant influence are: (1) agricultural input, (2) environmental potential, (3) technical aid, (4) farmer organization, (5) farmers' rights and (6) democratization of farmers.

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