Special Issue Article
Short-Term Effectiveness of a Swallowing Exercise for the Elderly Using Day-Care Services
|Penn Nursing Science, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, PA, USA|
|Corresponding Author :||Yumi Chiba
Penn Nursing Science
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, PA, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received February 22, 2013; Accepted June 18, 2013; Published June 22, 2013|
|Citation: Chiba Y (2013) Short-Term Effectiveness of a Swallowing Exercise for the Elderly Using Day-Care Services. J Nurs Care S5:012. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.S5-012|
|Copyright: © 2013 Chiba Y. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Purpose: The research purpose was to investigate the short-term effectiveness of exercise intervention to improve pharyngeal functions in the elderly using day- care services.
Methods: Subjects were totally 84 elderly people. The participants were analyzed at 2 points: baseline and 2 weeks after the starting date of the study. This exercise comprised pronunciation practice, a pushing exercise with crying out in a loud voice, and a falsetto exercise. A questionnaire of ingestion and deglutition functions was also answered at 2 points. The collected data were statistically analyzed using SPSS J16.0. The intervention duration of this study was from February 2 to March 4, 2008.
Results: The average participant age was 82.4 ± 8.6 years. Comparing the evaluative items of the swallowing functions at 2 points, significant differences were observed in the movement of the upper and lower sides of the tongue, optional cough, consecutive pronunciation [ta], hoarseness, and the RSST test. The total frequency of participation in this programmed exercise was significantly related to lip and tongue movement, pronunciation [ka], and utterance time. A positive change of feeling was observed in the score of the 2 items.
Conclusion: The results of this study showed very useful hypothetical information about intervention to arouse pharyngeal functions for the elderly using day care services.