alexa Short-Term Effectiveness of a Swallowing Exercise for the Elderly Using Day-Care Services | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2167-1168

Journal of Nursing & Care
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Special Issue Article

Short-Term Effectiveness of a Swallowing Exercise for the Elderly Using Day-Care Services

Yumi Chiba*
Penn Nursing Science, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, PA, USA
Corresponding Author : Yumi Chiba
Penn Nursing Science
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, PA, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 22, 2013; Accepted June 18, 2013; Published June 22, 2013
Citation: Chiba Y (2013) Short-Term Effectiveness of a Swallowing Exercise for the Elderly Using Day-Care Services. J Nurs Care S5:012. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.S5-012
Copyright: © 2013 Chiba Y. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Purpose: The research purpose was to investigate the short-term effectiveness of exercise intervention to improve pharyngeal functions in the elderly using day- care services.

Methods: Subjects were totally 84 elderly people. The participants were analyzed at 2 points: baseline and 2 weeks after the starting date of the study. This exercise comprised pronunciation practice, a pushing exercise with crying out in a loud voice, and a falsetto exercise. A questionnaire of ingestion and deglutition functions was also answered at 2 points. The collected data were statistically analyzed using SPSS J16.0. The intervention duration of this study was from February 2 to March 4, 2008.

Results: The average participant age was 82.4 ± 8.6 years. Comparing the evaluative items of the swallowing functions at 2 points, significant differences were observed in the movement of the upper and lower sides of the tongue, optional cough, consecutive pronunciation [ta], hoarseness, and the RSST test. The total frequency of participation in this programmed exercise was significantly related to lip and tongue movement, pronunciation [ka], and utterance time. A positive change of feeling was observed in the score of the 2 items.

Conclusion: The results of this study showed very useful hypothetical information about intervention to arouse pharyngeal functions for the elderly using day care services.

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