Significance of Ethanol Product of Gmelina arborea
Ademola Johnson Afe*
Department of Forestry and Wood Technology, Federal University of Technology, Nigeria
- *Corresponding Author:
- Ademola Johnson Afe
Department of Forestry and Wood Technology
Federal University of Technology, Nigeria
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: February 22, 2017 Accepted Date: March 28, 2017 Published Date: March 31, 2017
Citation: Afe AJ (2017) Significance of Ethanol Product of Gmelina arborea. Forest Res 6: 194. doi:10.4172/2168-9776.1000196
Copyright: © 2017 Afe AJ. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This work covers the process of making Ethanol from wood dust instead of starchy biomass which could be meant for food or instead of overdependence on hydrocarbon source. The saw dust of Gmelina arborea was collected in a saw mill in Ore, Ondo State, Nigeria and it was used to produce ethanol by hydrolysis and fermentation processes. The density of the wood species was 570 kg/m3. The ionic constituents of the ethanol from the wood biomass were analyzed using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometric Analyzer (FTIR) and Atomic Absorption Spectrometric Analyzer (AAS). The AAS result shows that the ethanol obtained from the wood species contains transition metals like Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Cadmium (Cd) and Chromium (Cr) while the FTIR results show the presence of ethanol functional groups such as OH, Carbon to carbon single covalent bond which and these are normal components of ethanol in the conventional ethanol.