alexa Simple Devices to Facilitate the Immunization of Horse for Antivenom/Antitoxin Production | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7579

Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology
Open Access

Like us on:

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Simple Devices to Facilitate the Immunization of Horse for Antivenom/Antitoxin Production

Akarin Intaramat1, Pachern Puthsorn2, Sansaneeyaporn Kittikajhon2, Hathaichanok Eamrod2 and Kavi Ratanabanangkoon1,2*

1Chulabhorn Research Institute and Chulabhorn Graduate Institute, Bangkok, Thailand

2The Government Pharmaceutical Organization of Thailand,Thailaland

*Corresponding Author:
Kavi Ratanabanangkoon
PhD, Laboratory of Immunology
Chulabhorn Research Institute and Chulabhorn
Graduate Institute, Vipavadee Rangsit Hwy
Laksi, Bangkok 10210,Thailand
Tel: (662) 574-0622
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 30, 2015 Accepted date: August 10, 2015 Published date: August 12, 2015

Citation: Intaramat A, Puthsorn P, Kittikajhon S, Eamrod H, Ratanabanangkoon K, (2015) Simple Devices to Facilitate the Immunization of Horse for Antivenom/Antitoxin Production. J Veterinar Sci Technol 6:249. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000249

Copyright: © 2015 Ratanabanangkoon K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

A multi-dose injector to facilitate the immunization of horse by the ‘low dose, low volume multi-site’ protocol in antivenom/antitoxin production is described. With the device, 20 subcutaneous injections of about 0.1 ml of CFA emulsified immunogen around the horse’s neck could be easily accomplished within 3 minutes without any stress to the animal. Also described is an apron to prevent blisters and infection at the injection sites caused by the horse rubbing the neck against stable and soil. These devices have been found to be very useful to the investigator and in reducing the pain and suffering of the horses during immunization for the production high potency antivenom/ antitoxin.

Keywords

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7