Skeletal Muscle-derived Hematopoietic Stem Cells: Muscular Dystrophy Therapy by Bone Marrow TransplantationAtsushi Asakura*
Stem Cell Institute, Paul and Sheila Wellstone Muscular Dystrophy Center, Department of Neurology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA
- *Corresponding Author:
- Atsushi Asakura
Stem Cell Institute
University of Minnesota Medical School
McGuire Translational Research Facility
2001 6th Street. SE, Mail Code 2873
Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55455, USA
Received date: October 22, 2012; Accepted date: November 15, 2012; Published date: November 18, 2012
Citation: Asakura A (2012) Skeletal Muscle-derived Hematopoietic Stem Cells: Muscular Dystrophy Therapy by Bone Marrow Transplantation. J Stem Cell Res Ther S11:005. doi:10.4172/2157-7633.S11-005
Copyright: © 2012 Asakura A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
For postnatal growth and regeneration of skeletal muscle, satellite cells, a self-renewing pool of muscle stem cells, give rise to daughter myogenic precursor cells that contribute to the formation of new muscle fibers. In addition to this key myogenic cell class, adult skeletal muscle also contains hematopoietic stem cell and progenitor cell populations which can be purified as a side population (SP) fraction or as a hematopoietic marker CD45-positive cell population. These muscle-derived hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell populations are surprisingly capable of differentiation into hematopoietic cells both after transplantation into irradiated mice and during in vitro colony formation assay. Therefore, these muscle-derived hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells appear to have characteristics similar to classical hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells found in bone marrow. This review outlines recent findings regarding hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell populations residing in adult skeletal muscle and discusses their myogenic potential along with their role in the stem cell niche and related cell therapies for approaching treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy.