alexa Sleep Apnea Symptoms and Cardiovascular Disease Risks a
ISSN: 2167-0277

Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy
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Research Article

Sleep Apnea Symptoms and Cardiovascular Disease Risks among Haitian Medical Students

Diana M Rosenthal1, Donaldson F Conserve2, Dodley Severe3, Michaele A Gedeon3, Ferdinand Zizi1, Georges Casimir4, Samy I McFarlane5 and Girardin Jean Louis1*

1Department of Population Health, Center for Healthful Behavior Change, NYU School of Medicine, NY, USA

2Department of Health Promotion, Arnold School of Public Health, Education, and Behavior, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

3University of the Aristide Foundation, Haiti, USA

4Department of Psychiatry, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA

5Department of Endocrinology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Girardin Jean Louis
Professor of Population Health and Psychiatry, Department of Population Health
Center for Healthful Behavior Change, New York University School of Medicine
227 East 30th Street, 6th Floor, NY 10016, USA
Tel: 6465012623
Fax: 2122634201
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: March 15, 2017; Accepted date: April 19, 2017; Published date: April 25, 2017

Citation: Rosenthala DM, Conserveb DF, Severec D, Gedeonc MA, Zizia F, et al. (2017) Sleep Apnea Symptoms and Cardiovascular Disease Risks among Haitian Medical Students. J Sleep Disord Ther 6:264. doi:10.4172/2167-0277.1000264

Copyright: © 2017 Rosenthal DM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Sleep apnea is a prevalent sleep disorder that disproportionately affects blacks and has been previously studied among Caribbean-born blacks in Brooklyn, New York, but there has been negligible research in the Caribbean, specifically Haiti, and developing countries on this pressing health issue. A total of 373 medical students (mean age=20.6 years ± 2.3 years) from a medical school in Haiti participated in this study. Participants were administered a questionnaire assessing their sleep health and cardiovascular outcomes. The rate of sleep apnea symptoms was: snoring (13.2%), excessive daytime sleepiness (73.7%), and difficulty maintaining sleep (25.3%). Many reported falling asleep while watching television (68.2%) or while driving (7.8%). Based on logistic regression analysis, reported nocturnal breathing pauses was the most important predictor of the likelihood of reporting a history of cardiac disease (14.96; 95% CI=1.27–76.07). Findings suggest that more aggressive effort should be made to increase screening of sleep apnea among Haitians, thereby increasing the likelihood for early detection and treatment to reduce sleep-related risk of cardiovascular disease.


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