alexa Sleep Disturbance in Elderly Patients after Cardiac Sur
ISSN: 2167-1168

Journal of Nursing & Care
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Research Article

Sleep Disturbance in Elderly Patients after Cardiac Surgery during their Stay in Intensive Care Unit and Surgical Ward

Hiromi Arita1,2*, Yukari Takeno3, Etsuko Fujimoto4
1Associate professor, Department of Faculty of Nursing and Social Welfare Sciences, Fukui Prefectural University, Japan
2Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University, Japan
3Assistant Professor, School of Nursing & Health, Aichi Prefectural University, Japan
4Professor, Department of nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University, Japan
Corresponding Author : Hiromi Arita
Associate Professor, Department of Nursing
Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya University
4-1-1 Kenjojima, Matsuoka, Eiheiji-Town
Fukui 910-1195, Japan
Tel: +81-776-61-6000 (Ex.4413)
Fax: +81-776-61-6016
E-mail: [email protected]
Received August 07, 2013; Accepted November 07, 2013; Published November 11, 2013
Citation: Arita H, Takeno Y, Fujimoto E (2013) Sleep Disturbance in Elderly Patients after Cardiac Surgery during their Stay in Intensive Care Unit and Surgical Ward. J Nurs Care 3:137. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.1000137
Copyright: © 2013 Ekström A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Background: Sleep patterns of patients who admitted the intensive care unit (ICU) after surgery have shown fragment and disturbed sleep during early postoperative days. However, there is less information about sleep status in patients after transferred to a surgical ward from the ICU. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sleep patterns in elderly patients after cardiac surgery including stay in both the ICU and surgical ward. Methods: Twelve patients aged ≥ 65 years were examined for 3 days before and 6 days after surgery. We used to examine sleep quality an actigraph and the Oguri-Shirakawa-Azumi sleep inventory (version for patients of middle age and older) for sleep. Results: Total sleep time was significantly decreased postoperative day 3 (median, 368.5 min) and 4 (median, 433.5 min) than before surgery (median 526.0 min) (p<0.05). Nocturnal sleep time showed significant decreases from preoperative values until postoperative day 1-4 (p<0.05). Duration of longest sleep was significantly decreased postoperative day 1-3 than before surgery (p<0.05). Sleep scale (sleep length and maintenance of sleep) scores indicated a decline in sleep quality on POD3 compared with preoperative values (p<0.05). The sleep disturbances did not reach preoperative levels until at least POD4. Conclusions: The sleep disturbances persisted not only throughout patients’ ICU stay but also after they had been discharged from the ICU. Therefore, close collaboration between surgical ward and ICU nurses are the key to provide more appropriate and early interventions.

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