Sleep Status and its Relationship with Other Coronary Artery Diseases Risk Factors: Findings of a Community-based Study in South East of Iran
|Najafipour Hamid1, Sabahi Abdolreza2,*, Mirrashidi Fatemeasadat3, AfshariMahdi4 and Haghdoost Ali Akbar5|
|1Physiology Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran|
|2Religion and Medicine Research Center and the Department of Psychiatry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran|
|3Cardiovascular Research Center, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran|
|4Department of Community Medicine, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran|
|5Research Center for Modeling in Health, Institute of Future Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran|
|Corresponding Author :||Sabahi Abdolreza
Religion and Medicine Research Center and
the Department of Psychiatry
Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received February 25, 2015; Accepted April 21, 2015; Published April 30, 2015|
|Citation: Hamid N, Abdolreza S, Fatemeasadat M, Mahdi A, Akbar HA (2015) Sleep Status and its Relationship with Other Coronary Artery Diseases Risk Factors: Findings of a Community-based Study in South East of Iran. J Sleep Disord Ther 4:197. doi:10.4172/2167-0277.1000197|
|Copyright: © 2015 Hamid N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Introduction: Coronary artery diseases (CADs) are one of the main causes of mortality and morbidity in Iran. Due to the shortage of information regarding sleep status in the area and also the close relation between CADs and sleep health, this study attempted to examine sleep status in a large urban area of southeast Iran in order to find its relation with CADs risk factors such as anxiety and depression, hypertension, blood glucose level, smoking, low physical activity, and obesity.
Method: A Single-stage cluster sampling cross-sectional study was carried out on 5900 people aged 15 to75 in Kerman city to examine the CAD risk factors (KERCADR study). Alongside, sleep screening and a physical activity (PA) questionnaire regarding their sleep quantity and PA level were also used. Beck Anxiety and Beck Depression Inventories (for anxiety and depression assessment), medical examination and fasting blood sample were taken to collect the participants' demographic and blood glucose data.
Findings: From 3238 (54.9%) women and 2662 (45.1%) men who participated in this study 30.5%suffered from abnormal sleep (11.5% from insomnia and 19% from hypersomnia). 39.3% of the men and 45.1% of the women had low physical activity. There was a significant relationship between smoking (p=0.02), anxiety and depression (p<0.001), hypertension (p=0.03) and low PA (p=0.01) with sleep disorders.
Conclusion: the results showed that nearly one-third of the adult population suffered from abnormal sleep. Also, the prevalence of hypersomnia was 1.65 times more than that of insomnia. This issue along with the high prevalence of low physical activity exposed the population to different diseases.