alexa Sleepiness, Safety and Transport

Journal of Ergonomics
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Review Article

Sleepiness, Safety and Transport

Sergio Garbarino1,3, Giuliana Gelsomino1 and Nicola Magnavita2*

1Centre of Sleep Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Ophthalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy

2Department of Public Health, Catholic University School of Medicine, Largo A. Gemelli 8, 00168 Rome, Italy

3State Police Health Service Department, Ministry of the Interior, Rome, Italy

*Corresponding Author:
Nicola Magnavita
Department of Public Health, Catholic University School of Medicine
Largo A. Gemelli 8, 00168 Rome, Italy
Tel: +393473300367
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: January 31, 2014; Accepted Date: March 19, 2014; Published Date: March 26, 2014

Citation: Garbarino S, Gelsomino G, Magnavita N (2014) Sleepiness, Safety and Transport. J Ergonomics S3:003. doi: 10.4172/2165-7556.S3-003

Copyright: © 2014 Garbarino S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



The economic development of modern society requires continuous improvement of transport and their efficiency throughout the span of 24 hours. Drowsiness may be a serious risk to the safety of employees, passengers and third parties. Sleepiness at the wheel is responsible for 5% to 30% of road accidents. Several pathophysiological factors governing the driving skills were studied: lifestyles, work schedules, prolonged wakefulness, stress, and sleep disorders. Screening of sleep disorders and education of workers at proper sleep hygiene are fundamental keys to the safe transport. The individual initiatives to reduce the risk of drowsiness should be framed in a more general safety effort of the institutions.


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