alexa Smad7 Sustains Inflammation in the Gut: From Bench to Bedside
ISSN: 2155-9899

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Review Article

Smad7 Sustains Inflammation in the Gut: From Bench to Bedside

Irene Marafini, Silvia Sedda, Davide Di Fusco, Michele M Figliuzzi, Francesco Pallone and Giovanni Monteleone*
Department of Systems Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy
Corresponding Author : Giovanni Monteleone
Department of Systems Medicine
University of Rome Tor Vergata
Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy Tel: +39.06.72596158
Fax: +39.06.72596391
E-mail: Gi.Monteleone@Med.uniroma2.it
Received April 29, 2014; Accepted July 09, 2014; Published July 16, 2014
Citation: Marafini I, Sedda S, Di Fusco D, Figliuzzi MM, Pallone F, et al. (2014) Smad7 Sustains Inflammation in the Gut: From Bench to Bedside. J Clin Cell Immunol 5:236. doi: 10.4172/2155-9899.1000236
Copyright: © 2014 Marafini I, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Related article at
DownloadPubmed DownloadScholar Google
 

Abstract

In Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), the two major forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in human beings, the pathological process is driven by an excessive immune response that is directed against components of the luminal flora and inappropriately controlled by immunesuppressive mechanisms. One such a mechanism involves TGF-β1, a pleiotropic cytokine that targets both immune and non-immune cells in the gut. TGF- β1 is highly expressed in inflamed mucosa of IBD patients but paradoxically it is unable to activate Smad-associated intracellular signalling and suppress inflammatory cytokine responses. This is because IBD-related inflammation is marked by elevated levels of Smad7, an inhibitor of TGF-β1 signalling. Consistently, knockdown of Smad7 with a specific antisense oligonucleotide restores TGF-β1 function, inhibits inflammatory cytokine production, and ameliorates colitis in mice. In this article we review the available data supporting the pathogenic role of Smad7 in gut as well as the results of a recent phase 1 trial assessing the safety and tolerability of a Smad7 antisense oligonucleotide in CD patients.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords