alexa Small Deviations from the Scalar Property and Carry-Ove
ISSN: 2157-7579

Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology
Open Access

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Research Article

Small Deviations from the Scalar Property and Carry-Over Effects

Takayuki Hasegawa1,2* and Shogo Sakata3

1The Faculty of Liberal Arts and Sciences, National Institute of Technology, Toyama College, Hongo Campus-13 Hongou-machi, Toyamashi, Toyama 939-8630, Japan

2System Emotional Science, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Science, University of Toyama, 2630 Sugitani, Toyamashi, Toyama 930-0194,Japan

3Department of Behavioral Science, Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-7-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-hiroshimashi, Hiroshima 7398521, Japan

*Corresponding Author:
Takayuki Hasegawa
The Faculty of Liberal Arts and
Sciences, National Institute of Technology
Toyama College, Hongo Campus-13
Hongou-machi, Toyamashi, Toyama 939-8630, Japan
Tel: +81-90-5655-5065
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: January 16, 2016; Accepted date: January 27, 2016; Published date: January 29, 2016

Citation: Hasegawa T, Sakata S (2016) Small Deviations from the Scalar Property and Carry-Over Effects. J Veterinar Sci Technol 7:294. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000294

Copyright: © 2016 Hasegawa T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



In order to measure the extent to which timing behavior diverges from a scalar property, the authors tested their recently published model of timing behavior [1]. With rats as subjects, peak-interval procedures were performed. For each interval length presented to subjects, the model was used to identify the length of the basic clock period and the weight of the clocks. A carry over effect was observed on the basic clock period, suggesting the uniqueness of the clock (stopwatch) system. Analysis indicated that, when coping with peak-interval procedures of different lengths, the rats changed not only the basic clock period but also the weights of the clocks. It was the changes in the clocks’ weights that led to the observed small deviations from the scalar property, and this also suggested the uniqueness of the clock (stopwatch) system in the range tested in the experiment.


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