alexa Small Ruminants Gastrointestinal Nematodiasis with Species Composition Identification in Humbo District, Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7579

Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology
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  • Research Article   
  • J Vet Sci Technol ,
  • DOI: 10.4172/2157-7579.1000566

Small Ruminants Gastrointestinal Nematodiasis with Species Composition Identification in Humbo District, Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia

Asrat Bifaw, Paulos Wasihun* and Adem Hiko
Department of Veterinary Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University, PO Box: 138 Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author : Paulos Wasihun, Department of Veterinary Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University, PO Box: 138 Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, Tel: +251913273425, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Oct 26, 2018 / Accepted Date: Nov 03, 2018 / Published Date: Nov 20, 2018

Abstract

A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2017 to April 2018 in Humbo district, Wolaita zone with the objective of estimating the prevalence and risk factors associated with small ruminants’ gastrointestinal nematodes parasites. A total of 384 fecal samples were examined in simple floatation method in laboratory, 218 (56.8%) were found positive for at least one types of gastrointestinal nematode parasites. The study showed that 78/159 (49.1%) of goats and 140/225 (62.2%) sheep were found infected. Based on coprological method different types of nematode eggs were identified including Strongyle type 189 (49.2%), Strongyloid Spp. 39 (10.2%), Trichuris Spp. 12 (3.1%) and Ascaris Spp 2 (0.52%) as a general in both Sheep and Goat. In the same laboratory technique Strongyle 55.1%, Strongyloide 9.8% and Trichuris 3.6% were recorded in Sheep while, Strongyle 40.9%, Strongyloide 10.7%, Trichuris 2.5% and Ascaris 1.26% in Goats were recorded. Strongyle and Strongyloid Spp. (5.5%) were commonly encountered as mixed infection followed by Strongyle type, Strongyloid Spp and Trichuris Spp. (2.5%). There was significant association (P<0.05) between the gastrointestinal nematode infection in animals with different species, sex, body conditions and study site. However, there was no significant difference (P>0.05) in prevalence between age groups of the animals. Gastrointestinal nematodes are observed in our finding as a problem in small ruminants that could hinder the animal performance and production system in study area. Therefore, emphasis should be given for effective prevention, control and treatment as well as creating community-based education on the associated risk factors of gastrointestinal nematodes infection in the study area.

Keywords: Humbo district; GIT nematodes; Prevalence; Small ruminants

Citation: Bifaw A, Wasihun P, Hiko A (2018) Small Ruminants Gastrointestinal Nematodiasis with Species Composition Identification in Humbo District, Wolaita Zone, Ethiopia. J Vet Sci Technol 9: 566 Doi: 10.4172/2157-7579.1000566

Copyright: © 2018 Bifaw A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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