Snake Bite in India: Current Scenario of an Old ProblemYogendra Kumar Gupta* and Sharda Shah Peshin
Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Gupta YK
Head, Department of Pharmacology Chief
National Poisons Information Centre
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi-110029, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: January 01, 2014; Accepted date: February 17, 2014; Published date: February 25, 2014
Citation: Gupta YK, Peshin SS (2014) Snake Bite in India: Current Scenario of an Old Problem. J Clin Toxicol 4:182. doi: 10.4172/2161-0495.1000182
Copyright: © 2014 Gupta YK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Snake bite is a significant health concern, especially in rural populations of tropical and subtropical countries. In India, snake bites take a heavy toll of human lives, and therefore warrant urgent attention. High mortality is due to poor health services in rural areas and delay in getting the victim to a well-equipped health care facility, where anti snake venom can be administered. However, geographical and species variation, logistic, economic and production issues restrict the use of anti-snake venom. India has a large repository of medicinal herbs, which have been used in folk medicine for treatment of snake bites. Though numerous herbal remedies are scientifically unsubstantiated, yet they cannot be glossed over due to their inherent advantages. They are practiced by diverse social groups for long, offering unconditional benefits. In view of limited presence of modern medical avenues in far flung areas, such a resource needs to be harnessed, as herbals are cheap, acceptable and often at the disposal of victims. Exhaustive ethno botanical studies in different regions of the country can help to undertake well designed scientific studies, for establishing therapeutic efficacy of various herbals for treating snake bites. The present article highlights an assortment of herbal plants used in India for snake bites.