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ISSN: 2329-9088

Tropical Medicine & Surgery
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Review Article

Social Determinants of the Impact of Surgical Disease on Health

Sara L Doorley1*, Noemi C Doohan2 , Sindhura Kodali3 and Kelly McQueen4

1Stanford Medical Center, Board of Directors, Doctors for Global Health, San Jose, CA, USA

2Director of Family Medicine Inpatient Service, Eisenhower Medical Associates, CA, USA

3 University of Michigan, USA

4 Department of Anesthesiology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Sara L Doorley
Medical Director, Valley Homeless Healthcare Program
Department of Ambulatory Care, Santa Clara Valley Medical Center
Clinical Instructor, Stanford Medical Center, Board of Directors
Doctors for Global Health, San Jose, CA, USA
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: February 27, 2013; Accepted Date: March 19, 2013; Published Date: March 23, 2013

Citation: Doorley SL, Doohan NC, Kodali S, McQueen K (2013) Social Determinants of the Impact of Surgical Disease on Health. Trop Med Surg 1:113. doi: 10.4172/2329-9088.1000113

Copyright: © 2013 Doorley SL, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Population distributions and patterns have evolved over time to emphasize urbanization and globalization. These realities have not been favorable for public health. Similarly patterns of disease have evolved, causing the global burden of disease to change considerably in the last 20 years. Chronic disease and non-communicable disease has replaced infectious disease as the largest contributor to global disability and death. The leading causes of death now include cardiovascular disease, trauma and cancer, and maternal mortality continues to be unacceptably high. The disease patterns emerging require a new approach to diagnosis, treatment and follow up. Non-communicable disease including trauma and cancer, as well as some infectious disease and maternal conditions may be treated, cured or palliated with surgical intervention. These interventions, when immediately available, decrease disability and premature death associated with these conditions. But a majority of this disease occurs in low-income countries where, up until recently, there were few options for surgery and safe anesthesia. The advent of datum supporting the practical and cost-effective role of surgery within global public health mandates a change in planning and delivery of healthcare services in low-income countries. The social determinants of health are well-identified contributors to the health of a population, and certainly impact the outcomes of surgical disease in low-income countries. These factors, nutrition, education, poverty, governance, gender, housing and transportation must be considered and addressed in a new era of non-communicable disease where emergency and essential surgery must be available to insure population health.

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