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ISSN: 2329-8847

Journal of Aging Science
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Research Article

Social Support, Social and Temporal Comparisons Protect Well-Being and Health between 45 and 70 Years Old in Four Urban Communities

Ingrid Gilles1, Alain Clemence1*, Nelly Courvoisier1 and Sylvie Sanchez2

1Psychology Institute, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

2Sensory and Consumer Science Group, Nestle Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland

*Corresponding Author:
Clemence A
Psychology Institute
University of Lausanne
Batiment Geopolis CH-1015 Lausanne
Switzerland, Tel: +021 692 32 40
Fax: +41 21 692 315
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: March 06, 2015; Accepted date: April 13, 2015; Published date: May 08, 2015

Citation: Ingrid Gilles, Alain Clemence, Nelly Courvoisier and Sylvie Sanchez (2015) Social Support, Social and Temporal Comparisons Protect Well-Being and Health between 45 and 70 Years Old in Four Urban Communities. Aging Sci 3:133. doi: 10.4172/2329-8847.1000133

Copyright: ©2015 Gilles I, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

This study examined the impact of social support and of temporal and social comparisons on well-being and selfreported health in four capital cities: Paris, Berlin, Moscow and Beijing. Based on the lifespan control theory, an integrative model investigating the influence of these coping strategies, especially on the psychological regulation of health losses, was tested on 1141 respondents aged 45 to 70 years by using structural equation modelling with multigroup comparisons. Results indicated a good fit of the model to participants’ responses. In all contexts, physical weaknesses favoured the use of social and temporal comparison strategies rather than social support. Moreover, across the cities, coping strategies were oriented more toward protecting self-evaluation of health than toward enhancement of well-being. Social comparison decreased the impact of physical weaknesses on health evaluation and on well-being in the four cities, but to a lesser extent in China. Results are discussed regarding the normative cross-cultural aspects that intervene during ageing in the four urban contexts.

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