alexa Sociodemographic and Clinical Factors and Their Association with the Types of Lesion Caused by the Human Papilloma Virus
ISSN: 1948-5964

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals
Open Access

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Research Article

Sociodemographic and Clinical Factors and Their Association with the Types of Lesion Caused by the Human Papilloma Virus

Joice Gaspar1*, Elucir Gir2 , Renata Karina Reis3 , Maria Cristina Mendes de Almeida4 and Silvana Maria Quintana5

1Nurse, Master’s Degree in Nursing, School of Nursing in Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo (EERP-USP). Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil

2 Nurse, Full Professor with EERP-USP, Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil

3 Nurse, Doctor, teaching staff at EERP-USP, Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil

4 Nurse, Master’s Degree in Nursing from EERP-USP, Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil

5 Doctor, PhD Professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Faculty of Medicine, Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo (FMRP-USP) and Director General of the Reference Center for Women’s Health, Ribeirão Preto (MATER), Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brazil

*Corresponding Author:
Joice Gaspar
School of Nursing in Ribeirão Preto
University of São Paulo (EERP-USP)
Avenue dos Bandeirantes
3900-Campus Universitárioneighborhood Monte Alegre
Ribeirão Preto-SP, Brasil, Zip code: 14040-902
Tel: (16) 3602-3414
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: July 30, 2013; Accepted Date: September 21, 2013; Published Date: September 23, 2013

Citation: Gaspar J, Gir E, Reis RK, de Almeida MCM, Quintana SM (2013) Sociodemographic and Clinical Factors and Their Association with the Types of Lesion Caused by the Human Papilloma Virus. J Antivir Antiretrovir 5:113-118. doi: 10.4172/jaa.1000073

Copyright: © 2013 Gaspar J, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



HPV infection of the lower genital tract is divided into clinical, subclinical and latent. Subclinical infections are more frequent than clinical infections, in both men and women. The objective of this study was to identify the association between the types of lesions caused by HPV and sociodemographic and clinical variables. Subjects were 977 women diagnosed with HPV lesions: LSIL, HSIL or condyloma. The chi-square test was used to verify the association, and p values smaller than 0.05 were considered significant. There was an association between the types of lesions and the age group (p=0.0074), education level (p=0.0011), marital status (p=0.0011), economic status (p<0.01), use of alcohol (p=0.0048) and smoking (p<0.01), the HIV serodiagnosis (p<0.01) and the number of partners (p=0.0077). It was demonstrated in this study that there is an inversion of the prevalence of these types of lesions due to age, which is justified by the persistence and progressiveness of lesions in older women compared to those of a younger age. It was identified that the fewer the years of education, the greater the grade of the HPV lesion. In terms of income, an association was observed with the type of lesion, in that women without a fixed income were the most affected by all types of infection signs. In opposition to the initial hypothesis of this study, there was a greater incidence of women in a stable relationship for all forms of HPV infection, suggesting an exceeding trust in their affective-sexual partner and the consequent unprotected sex behavior.

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