Socioeconomic and Political Dimensions of Development Worldwide
- *Corresponding Author:
- Kostas Rontos
Professor of Statistics and Demography
University of Aegean, Mytilene, Greece
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 18, 2013; Accepted Date: August 26, 2013; Published Date: August 28, 2013
Citation: Rontos K, Salvati L, Vavouras I (2013) Socioeconomic and Political Dimensions of Development Worldwide. Social Crimonol 1:101. doi: 10.4172/2375-4435.1000101
Copyright: © 2013 Rontos K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The scope of this paper is to examine the main economic, social and political dimensions of development worldwide. More specifically, our analysis focuses on the study of the links between the levels of income per capita, the level of perceived corruption, the degree of human development, the extent of government effectiveness and the quality of the political system as the main variables describing the level of overall development in a country. As we expected, we find that all these factors are very important determinants of the scale of overall development, since combinations of these factors according to their values determine clusters of countries with different patterns of overall development. As a result, an effective policy towards development demands integrated strategies that incorporate efforts for low corruption and high income, human development and government effectiveness levels. However, in order these strategies to be sustainable in the long run they should be associated with democratic transformations. If democracy is not consolidated and the political system is not characterized as free, overall development cannot be effectively achieved and especially maintained at the long run basis, in spite of any currently prevailing high income levels.