Socioeconomic Influences on WomenÃ¢ÂÂs Self-Rated Health Status in JapanEri Osawa1*, Tomoko Kodama Kawashima1, Satoshi Tsuboi2, Etsuji Okamoto1 and Hiroko Miura1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Eri Osawa
Department of International Health and Collaboration
National Institute of Public Health
2-3-6 Minami Wako-shi, Saitama 351-0197, Japan
Fax: +81-48- 469-2768
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: April 19, 2015; Accepted date: May 13, 2015; Published date: May 20, 2015
Citation: Osawa E, Kawashima TK, Tsuboi S, Okamoto E, Miura H (2015) Socioeconomic Influences on Women’s Self-Rated Health Status in Japan. J Women’s Health Care 4:238. doi:10.4172/2167-0420.1000238
Copyright: © 2015 Osawa E, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: Epidemiological studies have amply documented the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and health, and have highlighted a gender gap in self-rated health status. However, few studies have investigated the health status of women in Japan. Therefore, using nationally representative data, we aimed to examine the association between SES and self-rated health in women in Japan. Methods: We used data from the Comprehensive Survey of the Living Condition of People conducted by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in 2010. From the original database, we drew a sample aged from 20 to 59 years old (n=26,468) and measured variables related to household, income/savings, medication, and self-rated health. Data were analyzed using a multivariate logistic regression model. Results: The highest prevalence of self-rated poor health was found in both unemployed women and men (15.7% and 23.2%, respectively). The regression model indicated that unemployed women aged over 40 years (and especially aged between 40 and 44 years) were more likely to report poor health (adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval): 2.48 (1.28-4.82), p<0.01) and having never married (1.82 (1.36-2.42), p<0.001). Conclusion: The findings indicate that unemployed women are more likely to report poor health than employed women and that age over 40 and marital status could predict self-rated poor health. We recommend promoting community-based and workplace-based preventive health services. In younger women, it is recommended that work opportunities are promoted along with an appropriate social welfare regimen to improve health among women in Japan.