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Soil Pollution by the Cement Industry in the Bazian Vicinity, Kurdistan Region | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0525

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology
Open Access

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Research Article

Soil Pollution by the Cement Industry in the Bazian Vicinity, Kurdistan Region

Saima Jadoon1*, Abdulfattah Ahmad Amin2, Arif Malik3 and Hamza Kamal1*

1Department of Natural Resources Engineering and Management, University of Kurdistan Hewlêr, Erbil, Iraq

2Erbil Technology Institute, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq

3Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author:
Saima Jadoon
Department of Natural Resources Engineering and Management
University of Kurdistan Hewlêr, Erbil, Iraq
Tel: +009647510307184
E-mail: [email protected]
Hamza Kamal
Department of Natural Resources Engineering and Management
University of Kurdistan Hewlêr, Erbil, Iraq
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: July 11, 2016; Accepted Date: October 17, 2016; Published Date: October 24, 2016

Citation: Jadoon S, Amin AA, Malik A, Kamal H (2016) Soil Pollution by the Cement Industry in the Bazian Vicinity, Kurdistan Region. J Environ Anal Toxicol 6:413. doi: 10.4172/2161-0525.1000413

Copyright: © 2016 Jadoon S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The three most significant things in our life are air, water, and soil which are essential for life and any imbalance of these three cause a big problem in nature. Soil is one of the most common agents in life and supplies us with all the basic necessities. Portland cement is one of the common types of cement which is used in construction nowadays. But soil can be polluted by cement plants, where cement industries are established. The chemical composition of cement is a mixture of calcium aluminum silicate also, a trace amount of Cd, Pb, Fe, Ti and silica. According to several chemical analyses the area surrounding industries show that the further the area is from the factory, the better as soil pollution decreases. In this research paper, we checked the physiochemical pH, electrical conductivity, nitrate ions, sulphate ions, Lead ions and calcium ions content in soil in the Bazian area. The area is far from the surrounding industries and this shows that the further the area is from the factory, the better as soil pollution decreases. There is positive correlation between the calcium ions and electrical conductivity. There is negative correlation between pH and concentration of lead ions. There is also weak correlation between sulphate and nitrate ions concentrations in soil samples.

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