Sol-gel Preparation and Optical Properties of TiO2/Organically Modified Silane Hybrid Material Containing DR13
Tianxi Gao, Wenxiu Que* and Xiaofang Wang
Electronic Materials Research Laboratory, School of Electronic and Information Engineering, International Center for Dielectric Research, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, Shaanxi, People’s Republic of China
- *Corresponding Author:
- Wenxiu Que
Electronic Materials Research Laboratory
School of Electronic and Information
Engineering International Center for
Dielectric Research, Xi’an Jiaotong
University Xi’an 710049, Shaanxi
People’s Republic of China
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 02, 2015 Accepted Date: April 15, 2015 Published Date: May 04, 2015
Citation: Gao T, Que W, Wang X (2015) Sol-gel Preparation and Optical Properties of TiO2/Organically Modified Silane Hybrid Material Containing DR13. J Laser Opt Photonics 2:116. doi:10.4172/2469-410X.1000116
Copyright: © 2015 Gao T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Disperse red 13 (DR13) azoaromatic chromophores were incorporated into sol-gel derived TiO2/organically modified silane matrix to achieve a hybrid material doped with dye molecules. Nonlinear optical properties of the asprepared hybrid material were investigated by an optical Kerr shutter technique with an 800-nm femtosecond laser. It is obtained that the response time of the bulk sample doped with 0.1% DR13 molecules is less than 208 fs and the third-order nonlinear refractive index is estimated at about 1.141×10-15 cm2/W. It is also found that the sample of material with higher DR13 content could be with higher third-order nonlinear susceptibility. The linear refractive index and the thickness of the hybrid films derived by a spin-coating process were also studied by a prism coupling technique. It is found that with an increasing of the baking temperature, both the refractive index and the thickness of the hybrid films decrease. Absorption spectra, microstructural and morphological properties of the hybrid films were also characterized by UV–Vis absorption spectroscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. Results indicate that the as-prepared hybrid material is expected to be potential in ultrafast photonic applications.