alexa Some Biological Activities of Essential Oils
ISSN: 2167-0412

Medicinal & Aromatic Plants
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Review Article

Some Biological Activities of Essential Oils

Alessandro Properzi1*, Paola Angelini1, Gianluigi Bertuzzi2 and Roberto Venanzoni1
1Department of Applied Biology, University of Perugia, Borgo XX giugno 74-06121 Perugia (PG), Italy
2Master Medicina Estetica. Dip.to di Medicina dei sistemi, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”, Via Montpellier, 1-00133 Roma (RM), Italy
Corresponding Author : Alessandro Properzi
Department of Applied Biology, University of Perugia
Borgo XX giugno 74-06121 Perugia (PG), Italy
E-mail: properzialessand[email protected]
Received September 19, 2013; Accepted September 30, 2013; Published October 04, 2013
Citation: Properzi A, Angelini P, Bertuzzi G, Venanzoni R (2013) Some Biological Activities of Essential Oils. Med Aromat Plants 2:136. doi:10.4172/2167-0412.1000136
Copyright: © 2013 Properzi A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Presentation of case: Essential oils and their volatile constituents have been widely used since the middle ages, to prevent and treat human disease. They have been widely used for bactericidal, fungicidal, antioxidant, allelochemical, medicinal, cosmetic applications, pharmaceutical, sanitary, cosmetic, agricultural and food industries. They contain some volatile constituents, such as phenol-derived aromatic components, aliphatic components, terpenes and terpenoids. In vitro evidence shows that essential oils can act as antibacterial agents against pathogenic fungi and bacterial strains. Aim: The finality of this review is to aim of attracting the attention of scientific community seeking new drugs from plant and fungi, as well as to study the pharmaceutical diversity of essential oils. Conclusion: The data presented show how the old art of “essential oil therapy” is revitalized due to the progress of scientific knowledge on their mode of action.

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