Spinal Cord Injury Without Radiological Abnormality (SCIWORA): Is It Still a Notable Definition?
|Orhan Buyukbebeci1*, Onur Bilge2, Burcin Karsli1, Burkay Kutluhan Kacira2, Harun Kutahya2 and Mustafa IÅik1|
|1Gaziantep University, Faculty of Medicine, 27310 Gaziantep, Turkey|
|2Necmettin Erbakan University, Faculty of Medicine, 42080 Konya, Turkey|
|Corresponding Author :||Orhan Buyukbebeci
Faculty of Medicine
27310 Gaziantep, Turkey
Tel: +90 5357215331, +90 3423606060
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received January 21, 2015; Accepted February 13, 2015; Published February 15, 2015|
|Citation: Buyukbebeci O, Bilge O, Karsli B, Kacira BK, Kutahya H, et al. (2015) Spinal Cord Injury Without Radiological Abnormality (SCIWORA): Is It Still a Notable Definition?. J Spine 4:215. doi:10.4172/2165-7939.1000215|
|Copyright: © 2015 Buyukbebeci O, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
The developing Magnetic Resonance Imaging technologies have led to significant changes in the radiological diagnostic criteria of the Spinal Cord Injury without Radiological Abnormality (SCIWORA). Moreover, some authors even introduced alternative definitions for this specific disease recently. The aims of this study were to report an adolescent case with pure SCIWORA and to clarify its definition in the literature. A 16 year-old adolescent patient with thoracolumbar SCIWORA together with a pelvic fracture after a vehicle accident was presented in this case report. In neurological examination, both extremities were graded as Frankel type A. The X-ray and Magnetic Resonance Imaging revealed the right ischium-superior pubic ramus fracture and only edema of the spinal cord at T12, L1 and L2 vertebral levels, subsequently. A high dose of methyl-prednisolone was administered. Pelvic fracture was promptly fixed with an external fixator. After a follow-up period of two years, the neurological status of the patient showed progression to Frankel B. The patient continues to his life with wheelchair. In conclusion, an adolescent case with SCIWORA that fulfills all its original criteria was reported and a review of the literature was discussed in this study. In order to describe this special pathology, SCIWORA seems still to be the best ideal term.