Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis and Bacteremia in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Tokai University, Japan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Toru Shizuma
Department of Physiology
School of Medicine, Tokai University
143, Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa, 259-1193, Japan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: January 04, 2014; Accepted Date: June 27, 2014; Published Date: June 30, 2014
Citation: Shizuma T (2014) Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis and Bacteremia in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis. J Med Microb Diagn 3:142. doi: 10.4172/2161-0703.1000142
Copyright: © 2014 Shizuma T. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
Patients with Liver Cirrhosis (LC) are at high risk of developing bacterial infections.
bacterial translocation has been implicated as an important cause of bacterial infection in patients with LC, and Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis (SBP) and bacteremia are common and often fatal bacterial infections in these patients. Moreover, the incidence of hepatorenal syndrome is associated with bacterial infections such as SBP; in addition, the syndrome is often fatal in
with LC. The frequency of isolation of multidrug-resistant (MDR) organisms in patients with LC and bacterial infections has been reported to be increasing in recent years, and infections caused by MDR
appear to be associated with poor prognoses. However, further research is required to better understand bacterial infections in the setting of LC because there remain unresolved problems related to this issue. This review summarizes the frequency, diagnoses, causative organisms, prognoses, and treatment of SBP and bacteremia in patients with LC.