Standardizing the Protocols of Constraint Induced Movement Therapy in Patients within 4 Months Post-stroke: A Pilot Randomized Controlled trial
Auwal Abdullahi* and Sale Shehu
Department of Physiotherapy, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria
- *Corresponding Author:
- Auwal Abdullahi
Department of Physiotherapy
Bayero University Kano, Nigeria
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: May 26, 2014; Accepted Date: July 24, 2014; Published Date: July 29, 2014
Citation: Abdullahi A and Shehu S (2014) Standardizing the Protocols of Constraint Induced Movement Therapy in Patients within 4 Months Post-stroke: A Pilot Randomized Controlled trial. Int J Phys Med Rehabil 2:215. doi: 10.4172/2329-9096.1000215
Copyright: © 2014 Abdullahi A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: The protocols of constraint induced movement therapy are heterogeneous, and it is difficult to adopt one particular protocol. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a standardized constrain induced movement therapy protocol where all the participants will perform same tasks and with same number of repetitions. Methods: Sixteen stroke patients (6 males, 10 females, with mean age 53.71 years) who were < 6 months poststroke were randomized into experimental and control groups. The experimental and control groups received standardized CIMT and traditional modified CIMT respectively for 4 weeks. Motor function was assessed at baseline, 2 and 4 weeks post-intervention using WMFT and MAL. The data was analyzed using t-test, one-way repeated measures ANOVA and one-way ANCOVA. Result: A significant difference was recorded using one way repeated ANOVA in the control group between baseline, and 2 weeks; and 4 weeks post-intervention(Wilk’s Lambda = 0.29, p= 0.025) for both AOU, QOU and WMFT. The results recorded using t- test and one -way ANCOVA showed no significant difference between groups. However, there was a strong relationship that existed on the effect of covariate (baseline) on the 2 and 4 weeks post-intervention scores as indicated by large eta squared values. Conclusion: It is possible for stroke patients to perform 320 repetitions of tasks practice (same tasks) per day.