alexa Statistical Fault Detection of Chemical Process - Compa
ISSN: 2157-7048

Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology
Open Access

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Research Article

Statistical Fault Detection of Chemical Process - Comparative Studies

Majdi Mansouri1*, Mohammed ZS2, Raoudha Baklouti2,5, Mohamed Nounou4, Hazem Nounou5, Ahmed Ben Hamida2 and Nazmul Karim3
1Electrical and Computer Engineering Program, Texas A&M University at Qatar, Doha, Qatar
2Advanced Technologies for Medicine and Signals, National Engineering School of Sfax, Tunisia
3Chemical Engineering Department, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
4Chemical Engineering Program, Texas A&M University at Qatar, Doha, Qatar
5Electrical and Computer Engineering Program, Texas A&M University at Qatar, Doha, Qatar
*Corresponding Author : Majdi Mansouri
Electrical and Computer Engineering Program
Texas A&M University at Qatar, Doha, Qatar
Tel: 97477734583
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 16, 2016; Accepted February 28, 2016; Published February 29, 2016
Citation: Mansouri M, Mohammed ZS, Baklouti R, Nounou M, Nounou H, et al. (2016) Statistical Fault Detection of Chemical Process - Comparative Studies. J Chem Eng Process Technol 7:282. doi:10.4172/2157-7048.1000282
Copyright: © 2016 Mansouri M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

This paper addresses the statistical chemical process monitoring using improved principal component analysis (PCA). PCA-based fault-detection technique has been used successfully for monitoring systems with highly correlated variables. However, standard PCA-based detection charts, such as the Hotelling statistic, T2 and the sum of squared residuals, SPE, or Q statistic, are not able to detect small or moderate events since they use only data from the most recent measurements. Different fault detection (FD) charts, namely generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT), shewhart control chart and exponentially weighted moving average chart (EWMA) control chart have been shown to be among the most effective univariate fault detection methods and more suitable for detection small faults. The objective of this work is to improve the PCA-based fault detection by using more sophisticated FD charts to achieve further improvements and widen the applicability of the process monitoring techniques in practice. The PCA presented here is investigated as modeling algorithm in the phase of fault detection. The fault detection problem is addressed so that the data are first modeled using the PCA algorithm and then the faults are detected using FD chart. The detection stage is related to the evaluation of detection charts, which are declares the presence of the fault. Those charts are computed using the PCA-based residual. The fault detection performance is illustrated through a simulated continuously stirred tank reactor (CSTR) data. The results demonstrate the effectiveness of the PCA-based FD chart methods for detecting the single and the multiple sensor faults.

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