Study on Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Nematodes and Coccidian Parasites Affecting Cattle in West Arsi zone, Ormia Regional State, EthiopiaAddisu Bacha and Berihu Haftu*
Department of Animal production and Technology, Adigrat University POBOX-50 Adigrat, Ethiopia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Berihu Haftu
Department of Animal production and Technology
Adigrat University POBOX-50 Adigrat, Ethiopia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: October 17, 2014; Accepted date: November 26, 2014; Published date: November 28, 2014
Citation: Bacha A, Haftu B (2014) Study on Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Nematodes and Coccidian Parasites Affecting Cattle in West Arsi zone, Ormia Regional State, Ethiopia. J Veterinar Sci Technol 5:207. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000207
Copyright: © 2014 Bacha A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Livestock production constitutes one of the principal means of achieving improved living standards in many regions of the developing world including Ethiopia. A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2013 to April 2014 to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes and coccidia parasites affecting cattle in west Arsi zone using flotation technique to investigate helminthes eggs. A total 384 fecal samples of cattle from different districts of west Arsi zone (Arsi-negele, Shashemene and Kofele) were collected and examined for incidence of gastrointestinal nematodes and coccidial infestation. Out of 384 animals examined, 188 (49%) animals were positive for gastro-intestinal nematodes and coccidian; and out of these positive animals 109 (57.97%) were infested with single genera of gastro-intestinal nematodes and coccidian, which include: ostertagia spp 7 (1.8%), oesophagostomum spp 5 (1.3%), strongloid spp 10 (2.6%), Emeria spp 11 (2.9%), Trychostrongylus spp 14 (3.6%), hemonchus spp 45 (11.7%), Bunostomum spp 17 (4.4%) and the rest 79 (42.02%) animals were infested with mixed genera of gastro-intestinal nematodes. These include oesophagostomum spp with Trychostrongylus spp 37 (9.6%), ostertagia spp with hemonchus spp 15 (3.9%), Trychostrongylus spp with hemonchus spp 17 (4.4%) and strongloid spp with Bunostomum spp 10 (2.6%). The prevalence of gastro-intestinal nematodes and coccidia was higher in adult and young animals as compared with calves, higher prevalence were also seen were communal grazing and watering areas are common.