alexa Study on the Prevalence of Endoparasites in Small Holde
ISSN: 2157-7579

Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology
Open Access

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Research Article

Study on the Prevalence of Endoparasites in Small Holder Dairy Farm in and around Harar Town, Oromia Regional State, Eastern Ethiopia

Lamessa Keno1, Birhanu Abera2*, Diriba Lemma2, Eyob Eticha2 and Guluma Assefa1

1East Shoa Zone Livestock and Fishery Resource Office, Adama, Ethiopia

2Asella Regional Veterinary Laboratory, PO Box 212, Asella, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Birhanu Abera
Asella Regional Veterinary Laboratory
PO Box 212, Asella, Ethiopia
Tel: +0913333944
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: December 13, 2016; Accepted Date: Janauray 05, 2017; Published Date: Janauray 07, 2017

Citation: Keno L, Abera B, Lemma D, Eticha E, Assefa G (2017) Study on the Prevalence of Endoparasites in Small Holder Dairy Farm in and around Harar Town, Oromia Regional State, Eastern Ethiopia. J Vet Sci Technol 8:411. doi: 10.4172/2157-7579.1000411

Copyright: © 2017 Keno L, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

A cross- sectional study of prevalence of Gastro-intestinal helminthiasis of small holder dairy cows was carried out from December 2007 to April 2008 with an attempt to determine the prevalence in Harar town and its surrounding, Eastern Ethiopia. Amongst the 287 coprological analysis or quantitative faecal analysis on dairy cows were performed with an overall prevalence rate 139 (48.4%) by using coprological examination. Coprological examination (Direct, Floatation, sedimentation and Mc Master Techniques) were the methods followed to study the prevalence of GI - parasitic infestation. An overall GI-parasitic infestation of 48.4% was found in this study. The result also revealed that nematodes Strongyles (38.4%) and Trichuris (8.4%), paraphistomum (13.9%) and Coccidia (10.5%) in that order. The helminth eggs present were identified in general terms as strongyloid eggs, since relevant nematode genera produce eggs that are similar in appearance and cannot be discriminated easily, except for eggs of Nematodirus, Strongyloides and Trichuris. In view of the prevalence of hazardous parasitic gastro intestinal parasites with a potential of entailing serious direct and indirect losses, and accompanying in these small holder dairy cows deserve attention and pertinent action to see they are controlled because high economic importance deserving due attention in helminth control programs in the study area.

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