Study the Effects of Spring Back on Sheet Metal Bending using Mathematical Methods
Received Date: Sep 15, 2017 / Accepted Date: Oct 16, 2017 / Published Date: Oct 26, 2017
In this study mathematical analysis of spring back was done for optimization of sheet metal bending process. The influence of sheet metal thickness, sheet metal type, friction, tool radius and tool shape on spring back for Aluminium, copper, mild steel and High strength steels, sheet metal have been used as variable to conducted this study. Since, the effects of each variable on the formation of spring back on sheet metal forming are investigated the following way. This empirical result shows that increasing sheet metal thickness from 0.8 mm to 4.5 mm the spring back is reduced 16% and 20.35%. When increasing of sheet metal strength spring back increases because spring back of the sheet should depend on the yield strength of the material. As the materials yield strength increase the spring back after un-loading condition also increases. The effects of material type as shows that, using Aluminium sheet metal instead of high strength sheet metals spring back is reduced by 56.%. Also, for decreasing of the tool radius leads reducing spring back. Spring back of deferential die 12% lower than edge bending die. In addition to these, if increasing the friction coefficient from 0.01 to 0.50 the spring back also increases by 52% because of increasing of friction force and this force generates higher amount of spring back. Thus the effects of material type, tool geometry, working condition and the thickness of sheet metal types were studied and investigated. Since, ultimately utilizing and compensation of tool is considered for prevention of spring back and optimizing of sheet metal bending process as well.
Keywords: Sprint back; Sheet metal; Banding process; Effects; Mathematical analysis; Optimization; Variables and effects
Citation: Dametew AW, Gebresenbet T (2017) Study the Effects of Spring Back on Sheet Metal Bending using Mathematical Methods. J Material Sci Eng 6: 382. Doi: 10.4172/2169-0022.1000382
Copyright: © 2017 Dametew AW, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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