Suicidal Behavior and Neurological Illnesses
|Coughlin Steven S1,2* and Sher Leo3,4|
|1Post-Deployment Health Epidemiology Program, Office of Public Health, Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC, USA|
|2Current Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA|
|3James J. Peters Veterans’ Affairs Medical Center, New York, USA|
|4Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, USA|
|*Corresponding Author :||Steven S Coughlin
1648 Beverly Drive
Carson City, NV 89706, USA
Tel: (404) 983-2524
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received March 02, 2013; Accepted March 18, 2013; Published April 18, 2013|
|Citation: Coughlin Steven S, Sher L (2013) Suicidal Behavior and Neurological Illnesses. J Depress Anxiety S9:001. doi:10.4172/2167-1044.S9-001|
|Copyright: © 2013 Coughlin Steven S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Objective: Suicidal ideation and behavior have been associated with a variety of neurological illnesses. Studies are ongoing in combat veterans and other groups to examine possible mechanisms and pathways that account for such associations.
Method: This article provides a review of the literature on suicide ideation and suicidal behavior in patients with neurological illnesses including publications on veteran’s health and military medicine. Studies of suicide attempts and deaths in people with neurological illnesses are also reviewed.
Results: The studies summarized in this review indicate that there are important linkages between suicidal ideation and behavior and neurological conditions, including epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
Conclusion: Additional studies are needed to further clarify why suicide ideation and suicidal behavior are associated with neurological diseases, in order to improve quality of life, alleviate patient distress, and prevent nonfatal and fatal suicide attempts in veteran and non-veteran populations.