Suicide Attempts by Ingestion of Drugs in Adolescents in Mexico
- *Corresponding Author:
- Hugo Juarez Olguin
Laboratorio de Farmacología, Instituto Nacional de Pediatría
Avenida Imân N° 1, 3rd piso Colonia Cuicuilco CP 04530
Mexico City, Mexico
Tel: 5255 1084 3883
Fax: 5255 1084 3883
Email: [email protected]
Received date: November 18, 2011; Accepted date: December 17, 2011; Published date: December 20, 2011
Citation: Flores-Pérez J, Juárez-Olguín H, Flores-Pérez C, Rivera-Espinosa L (2011) Suicide Attempts by Ingestion of Drugs in Adolescents in Mexico. J Clinic Toxicol S1:005. doi: 10.4172/2161-0495.S1-005
Copyright: © 2011 Flores-Pérez J, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Aim:To determine the frequency of suicide attempts by the use of drugs in adolescents in a tertiary care hospital and to identify the causes.
Methods:A retrospective and descriptive study was performed considering socioeconomic, cultural and biological issues related to the use of drugs for suicide attempts in adolescents who were attended from January 1995 to March 2005, at the National Institute of Pediatrics, Mexico City.
Results: A total of 141 drug intoxication cases were detected among which 40 were suicide attempts with 22 of them being girls and 18 boys, median age of 13 years. The most frequently used drugs for the suicide attempt cases were analgesics in 18, and antidepressants in 11. In 14 of the cases, parents’ divorce and family dysfunction were found to be the risk factors provoking the suicide attempt.
Conclusion: Analgesics and antidepressants are drugs commonly used in suicide attempts. Suicidal behavior in adolescents can be caused by psychological and social factors, which in most cases, is preceded by depressive disorders.