Suicide Risk: Phenomenological Notion of the Threshold EffectMareike Wolf-Fédida* and Victor LINA
University Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris Diderot-Paris 7, France, Europe
- *Corresponding Author:
- Wolf-Fédida M
Professor of Psychology
University Sorbonne Paris Cité
Paris Diderot, Paris 7, France, Europe
Tel: 0033 (0)1 57 75 02 41
Email: [email protected]
Received Date: May 30, 2017; Accepted Date: June 10, 2017; Published Date: June 17, 2017
Citation: Wolf-Fédida M, Lina V (2017) Suicide Risk: Phenomenological Notion of the Threshold Effect. Clin Depress 3: 124. doi: 10.4172/2572-0791.1000124
Copyright: © 2017 Wolf-Fédida M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License; which permits unrestricted use; distribution; and reproduction in any medium; provided the original author and source are credited.
Sometimes suicide is committed suddenly and other times suicide is planned long time ago. This study aims to know about the background of the time effect for psychic life how the idea of suicide is growing up. Is suicide unpredictable or is there another factor like latency coming up for being acted out? Incarceration and prison environment has a very high risk for suicide in France. This study confronted observations of psychiatrists and psychologists having prisoners as patients. Their observations are compared too with psychiatrists and psychologists having a double professional experience in town and in prison. Interpretations of statistics about suicide risk complete information. This interpretation is helped by the phenomenological notion of the threshold effect (Zutt, Kuhlenkampf) coming from early experimental psychology (Th. Fechner). All results agree about the importance of being in contact with the prisoner from the very beginning of his incarceration. The incarcerated person has to get started when entering in prison by verbalizing about himself. Later he may have lost all motivation and may be tired by all interpersonal effort. The risk of hetero and auto-aggression will be high.