Supermarket Supply Chains in Horticulture in India: The Novel Marketing Models, Effects and Policies
|V.G. Stanley1*, K. Hickerson1, M.B. Daley1, M. Hume2 and A. Hinton3|
|1Prairie View A & M University, Prairie View, Texas, USA|
|2Food and Feed Safety Research Unit, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, College Station, Texas, USA|
|3Poultry Processing and Swine Physiology Unit, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, 950 College Station Road, Russell Research Center, Athens, Georgia|
|*Corresponding Author :||Dastagiri M.B.
National Centre for Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
New Delhi, India
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received November 02, 2012; Accepted November 20, 2012; Published November 22, 2012|
|Citation: Dastagiri MB, Immanuelraj TK (2012) Supermarket Supply Chains in Horticulture in India: The Novel Marketing Models, Effects and Policies. Agrotechnol S11:001. doi:10.4172/2168-9881.S11-001|
|Copyright: © 2012 Dastagiri MB, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
The super market revolution has been underway in developing countries. Market research says that larger the numbers of economic agents involved in marketing and lesser their incomes’ share in consumer price’. The prospective solution to this problem may be consolidation of supply chain. However, one of the possible solutions emphasized by market research is linking supermarket and farmers. The main motive of this paper is to explore the ways or super markets models that will integrate the small and marginal farmers with supply chain system in India. Information on marketing models and marketing institutions which deal fruits and vegetables in the country were analyzed. The features and effects of different super markets operating for marketing of fruits and vegetables were studied. https://www.ifpri.org/publication/supermarket-revolution-developing-countries. The fruits and vegetable commodities reach the final consumer through various channels. Among all the channels the direct market models are the best because the producer share in consumer rupee is 100 per cent and will eliminate middlemen completely.
India opened up post–1990, a number of new liberalized public markets operating direct marketing model with forward linkages for fruits and vegetables. The economic reforms also lead to the emergence a number of new private retail markets for fruits and vegetable with direct marketing models with backward linkages. The results reveal that private super markets will save farmers from transport, marketing cost and other charges and complete eliminate middlemen. Farmers who supply to private super markets have many advantages it includes technical guidance, market information on prices, perfect weights and spot payments etc. The opportunities include development of high value commodities market supply chain. The farmers are suggested for effective and efficient marketing of fruits and vegetables, the super markets have to purchase entire quantity brought by the farmer irrespective of grading, Export linkage is suggested, Government has to regulate prices, Government has to open and operate retail outlets, Government should assess the production and consumption level and announce the MSP accordingly.
Even the farmers of the most of the states are adopting traditional marketing channels. The study suggests that modern direct marketing models to adopt. Therefore, there is an immediate need to replicate such models in a much larger scale to cover not only the cities but also the interior villages in the country. The study advocates that it is necessary to amend outdated laws restricting the establishment of markets to allow cooperatives and private entrepreneurs to set up modern supermarkets, both public and private retail markets. Shifting Indian farming from a rural lifestyle to an agribusiness sector and linking farmers to super markets is a key driver for industrialization of agriculture. Similarly this study advocates similar linkage mechanism for Dc’s to make it agriculture as an industrial farming.Super markets are miracle in agriculture: These will lead to industrial farming in dc’s agriculture.