Supervised Physical Activity and Metabolic Syndrome Components of Women Assisted in Primary Health Care
|Hellen Tatiane de Pontes1, Sara Pereira de Araujo1, Cristiane Dias Corrêa1, Paulo Alves Cerqueira2, Natália Cristina de Oliveira3 and Leslie Andrews Portes4*|
|1Nurse at UNASP-SP-Adventist University of São Paulo, Brazil|
|2Physical Education Teacher at Basic Health Unit, Campo Limpo District, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil|
|3Professor at Physical Education School, UNASP-SP-Adventist University of São Paulo, Brazil|
|4Professor and Chair of LAFEX-Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, UNASP-SP-Adventist University of São Paulo, Brazil|
|Corresponding Author :||Leslie Andrews Portes
LAFEX-Laboratory of Exercise Physiology
UNASP-SP Adventist University of São Paulo
Juquitiba, São Paulo, Brazil
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received August 07, 2012; Accepted September 24, 2012; Published September 27, 2012|
|Citation: de Pontes HT, de Araujo SP, Corrêa CD, Cerqueira PA, de Oliveira NC, et al. (2012) Supervised Physical Activity and Metabolic Syndrome Components of Women Assisted in Primary Health Care. J Metabolic Synd 1:111. doi:10.4172/2167-0943.1000111|
|Copyright: © 2012 de Pontes HT, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Objective: To assess the effects of a Physical Exercise Program (PEP) on the components of MetS in women assisted in a primary health care unit.
Methods: We conducted a 16-week lifestyle intervention study with physical activity for patients at high risk of developing MetS. 42 patients (21 with MetS and 21 controls) volunteered to take part in a Physical Exercise Program (PEP), a structured and supervised aerobic and resistance exercise program, 4 times/week, 60 minutes/session. Main Outcome Measures: Prevalence of MetS components, Framingham’s Cardiovascular Risk (CR), and physical fitness.
Results: MetS presented higher values of CR, Body Weight (BW), BMI, waist circumference, body fat percentage (%BF), blood glucose, Triglycerides (TG) and VLDL-Cholesterol. Experimental group also brought up lower values of Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) and Forced Expiratory Volume (FEV1). After the PEP there was a decrease in the CR, in the prevalence of MetS components, BW, BMI, %BF, TG, and VLDL-C, resting blood pressure, increase in lean body mass, exercise heart rate, functional capacity, maximum oxygen consumption (VO2 max.), FVC, FEV1 and maximum voluntary ventilation.
Conclusion: Physical activity was successful in reducing the components of the MetS and CR, highlighting the potential of exercise in primary health care.