alexa Suppressing Biodiversity in the World's Waterbodies: Ballast Biofilms are the Dental Plaque of the Oceans
ISSN: 2376-0214

Journal of Biodiversity, Bioprospecting and Development
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Commentary

Suppressing Biodiversity in the World's Waterbodies: Ballast Biofilms are the Dental Plaque of the Oceans

Robert E. Baier*, Dean C. Lundquist, Robert L. Forsberg and Anne E. Meyer
Industry/University Center for Biosurfaces, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
*Corresponding Author : Robert E. Baier
State University of New York at Buffalo
Buffalo, NY, 14214, USA
Tel: 1-716-829-3560
Fax: 1-716-835-4872
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 31, 2014; Accepted May 20, 2014; Published May 29, 2014
Citation: Lundquist DC, Forsberg RL, Meyer AE, Baier RE (2014) Suppressing Biodiversity in the World’s Waterbodies: Ballast Biofilms are the Dental Plaque of the Oceans. J Biodivers Biopros Dev 1:109. doi:10.4172/2376-0214.1000109
Copyright: © 2014 Baier RE, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Ships that have ballasted and de-ballasted in common world harbors, visited by numerous other ships, acquired a similar dominant population of biofilm-dwelling microbiota at their ballast tank walls and sediments. Secondary spread of the microorganisms to receiving waters has been demonstrated to occur by seeding from the biofilm to those waters and bounding surfaces, as well as by bioaerosol generation from ballast discharge plumes. This work was facilitated by installing, and subsequently analyzing, material test coupons within Ballast Organic Biofilm (BOB) samplers in the ships’ ballast tanks. Supplementary data were acquired from shipboard-mounted flow cells during the voyages. Five specific “benchmark” bacterial species were common in these retained biofilms in spite of the different substratum materials of coatings, tank walls, and re-suspendable sediments.

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