Surgical Strategy and Treatment for the Prevalence of the Post- Thoracotomy Pain Syndrome
- *Corresponding Author:
- Kyoji Hirai
Division of thoracic surgery
Nippon Medical School Chiba Hokusoh Hospital
1715 Kamakari, Inzai, Chiba 270-1674, Japan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: February 09, 2016 Accepted Date: March 10, 2016 Published Date: March 14, 2016
Citation: Hirai K, Takeuchi S, Usuda J (2016) Surgical Strategy and Treatment for the Prevalence of the Post-Thoracotomy Pain Syndrome. Biochem Anal Biochem 5:259. doi:10.4172/2161-1009.1000259
Copyright: © 2016 Hirai K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The various types of pain evoked after thoracic surgery are wound pain, pulmonary apex pain due to the drain, pain caused by intercostal nerve damage, visceral pain due to manipulation of the pleura/bronchi during surgery. As the dominant nerve differs among painful areas, the innervation regions requiring analgesia are extensive, causing difficulty in pain control. These pains are treated by the thoracic epidural anesthesia, the administration of anti-inflammatory analgesics such as non- steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, gabapentin (anti-epileptic drug) as a central nerve system drug, or tranquilizers.