Sustainable Urbanization in the Arabian Gulf Region: Problems and Challenges
Department of Geography, College of Arts and Social Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman
- *Corresponding Author:
- Ramadan E
Department of Geography
College of Arts and Social
Sciences Sultan Qaboos
University Muscat, Oman
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 23, 2015 Accepted Date:July 20, 2015 Published Date: July 24, 2015
Citation: Ramadan E (2015) Sustainable Urbanization in the Arabian Gulf Region: Problems and Challenges. Arts Social Sci J 6:109. doi:10.4172/2151- 6200.1000109
Copyright: © 2015 Ramadan E. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The Arab Gulf States has been undergoing transitions, from traditional economies and societies to states of modern development over the past 40 years. The Gulf Coorpation council States(GCC) include Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman and United Arab Emirates. They are all located inarid region of the Arabian peninsula. They are small in area and population and major oil producers; their oil revenues have entirely dominated their economies in every facet of their national life sincelate sixties and early seventies. These States have experienced a tremendous total and urban population growth; the total population grew from 860,000 in 1965 to 2,100,000 in 1975 to 3,60,00,000 in 2008. About 90% of this total population are urban dwellers. The high growth rates has been the result of very high levels of immigration as well as natural increases due to oil revenues being invested in health, welfare, and educational facilities which have reduced mortality rates. The objective of this article is to shed light on
the serious problems that face urbanization in these states and the challenges of building sustainable urban strategy in the region.