alexa Targeting Human Cancer Stem Cells with Monoclonal Antibodies
ISSN: 2155-9899

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Review Article

Targeting Human Cancer Stem Cells with Monoclonal Antibodies

Cord Naujokat1,2*
1Institute of Immunology, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 305, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
2Center and Network for Targeted Oncology, Muehlackerweg 8, 69239 Heidelberg, Germany
Corresponding Author : Cord Naujokat
Institute of Immunology, University of Heidelberg
Im Neuenheimer Feld 305, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
Tel: +49 6229 933977
Fax: +49 6229 933978
E-mail: [email protected]
Received November 29, 2012; Accepted December 26, 2012; Published December 31, 2012
Citation: Naujokat C (2012) Targeting Human Cancer Stem Cells with Monoclonal Antibodies. J Clin Cell Immunol S5:007 doi:10.4172/2155-9899.S5-007
Copyright: © 2012 Naujokat C. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Related article at
DownloadPubmed DownloadScholar Google
 

Abstract

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) constitute a distinct subpopulation of tumor cells that exhibit self-renewal and tumor initiation capacity and the ability to give rise to the heterogenous lineages of cancer cells that comprise the tumor. CSCs possess various intrinsic mechanisms of resistance to conventional chemotherapeutics, novel tumor-targeted drugs and radiation therapy, permitting them to survive current cancer therapies and to initiate tumor recurrence and metastasis. Different cell surface and transmembrane proteins expressed by CSCs, including CD44, CD47, EpCAM (CD326), CD123, CD133, GD2, Lgr5, insulin-like growth factor receptor I (IGF-IR), and members of the Notch and Wnt signaling pathways, have been identified and mainly used for the characterization of CSCs in experimental settings. Recently, monoclonal antibodies and antibody constructs such as Triomabs and BiTEs raised against these CSC proteins have shown efficacy against CSCs in human xenograft mice, and some of them have been demonstrated to induce tumor regression in clinical trials.

Since current cancer therapies fail to eliminate CSCs, ultimately leading to cancer recurrence and progression, selective targeting of CSCs with mAbs and antibody constructs reviewed herein may represent a novel and promising therapeutic strategy to eradicate cancer.

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords