alexa Temperature Profile of Produced Gas in Oil Palm Biomass
ISSN: 2155-9821

Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques
Open Access

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Research Article

Temperature Profile of Produced Gas in Oil Palm Biomass Fluidized Bed Gasifier: Effect of Fibre/Shell Composition Ratio

Azali A1, Sapuan SM2, Rahman SA1, Adam NM2, Hasan M3 and Enamul Hoque M4*
1Malaysian Palm Oil board, Malaysia
2Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
3Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
4Department of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Jalan Broga, 43500 Semenyih, Selangor, Malaysia
Corresponding Author : Enamul Hoque M
Department of Mechanical
Materials and Manufacturing Engineering
University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus
Jalan Broga, 43500 Semenyih, Selangor, Malaysia
Tel: 601-626-906-21
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 17, 2015; Accepted August 03, 2015; Published August 07, 2015
Citation: Azali A, Sapuan SM, Rahman SA, Adam NM, Hasan M, et al. (2015) Temperature Profile of Produced Gas in Oil Palm Biomass Fluidized Bed Gasifier: Effect of Fibre / Shell Composition Ratio. J Bioprocess Biotech 5:245 doi: 10.4172/2155-9821.1000245
Copyright: © 2015 Azali A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Malaysia is known to be one of the largest palm oil producers and also generates huge amounts of oil palm biomass, which is mainly treated as bio waste. One of the efficient methods to recycle this potential oil palm biomass could be gasification technology. Gasification is a process involving conversion of solid carbonaceous fuel into combustible gas using directly heated biomass. From processing of Fresh Fruit Bunch (FFB) (a biomass example), Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) fibre, shell etc. are produced. In this study, a laboratory scale fluidized bed was developed, an appropriate fibre/shell composition ratio was studied and analysis on profiles of gas produced in the oil palm biomass fluidized bed gasifier was conducted. The effects of fibre/shell composition ratio and rate of reaction on temperature profiles were investigated. Temperature reaction rate and calorific value of oil palm biomass with gas compositions were also analyzed.

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